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  IAAF.org >  World Rankings >  Rules
 
 
RANKING METHOD AND RULES 2006

(The Rules and Method can also be downloaded in printable PDF format from the special IAAF World Rankings section of Downloads.
The latest versions of IAAF Scoring Tables and IAAF Indoor Scoring Tables can be downloaded in the Scoring Tables section of the Downloads Area )

The ranking system is based on the two main elements of all Track & Field performances, the measured results of athletes and their placings during competition. Athletes’ performances can be considered in all competitions from grass roots to elite international level. However, the IAAF or one of its Member Federations must have officially ratified the results.

The IAAF World Rankings produce Event Rankings and Overall Rankings. The Event Rankings evaluate athletes competing in a single discipline and rank the world's athletes in that specific discipline. The Overall Rankings compare all athletes in all disciplines to rank all the male and female athletes in the world.

Ranking Method
The Rankings are based on the Ranking Scores
Ranking Score = Average of Performance Scores
Performance Score = Result Score + Placing Score

In order to improve their ranking position, the athletes have to achieve the best possible results in their event at the highest quality competitions they can enter!

To demonstrate how the system works it is necessary to examine how the Performance Scores of the participating athletes are calculated after each competition, then to determine how the system uses these scores throughout the ranking process.

PERFORMANCE SCORE

At each competition, athletes score points for their performances. These points are awarded for the result achieved and the placing achieved by the athlete.

Result = Result Score

Placing = Placing Score

The Performance Score is obtained by adding the Result Score to the Placing Score:

Performance Score = Result Score + Placing Score



EVENTS

As previously indicated the system produces:

  • EVENT RANKINGS

  • OVERALL RANKINGS

 

EVENT RANKINGS

In 2004 Road Running and Race Walking were introduced, a development which enables the Rankings to cover all the athletics disciplines: Track & Field, Combined Events, Road Running, Race Walking and the World Cross Country Championships.

Event Rankings are produced in 40 Athletics events. These Events often consist of a group of disciplines, which are similar to each other. Therefore each Event includes a ”Main Event” to which may be assimilated one or more ”Similar Events”. Table 1 shows the details by listing all the 20 men's Events and 20 women's Events.

Performances in each of these 20 men's and women's Events count separately for the Event Rankings. Athletes can be ranked in all the different Events where they have achieved performances.

Due to the differences between the calculations of the Ranking Scores, the Rules are described in three sections for the Event Ranking:

  • Race Walking:

    RR &RW - Events 19-20 and 39-40 according to the Events Table

 

OVERALL RANKINGS

To determine the world's best athletes, the IAAF World Rankings produce Men's and Women's Overall Rankings.

The Overall Rankings are - similarly to the Event Rankings - based on the Performance Scores of the athletes at each competition. The Performance Score is the sum of the Result Score and the Placing Score of the athlete in the given competition.

Unlike the Event Rankings, for the calculation of the Overall Rankings athletes can obtain Performance Scores from more than one Event.

The details of the ranking process are described in the Overall Rankings section.


Table 1: Main Events and Similar Events

EVENTS

Nr.   Event Main event(s) Similar event(s)
RW 20.   Men’s Race Walking 20km and/or 50km 10km, 30km
RW 40.   Women’s Race Walking 20km 5km, 10km, 50km



RACE WALKING

Race Walking Events are inlcuded in the IAAF World Rankings since 23 March 2004.

The names of the Events:

  • Men's Race Walking

  • Women's Race Walking


Events to be included in the World Rankings

Race Walking:

  Main Events: Men's 20km and/or 50km
Women's 20km
  Similar Events: Men's 10km and 30km
Women's 5km, 10km and 50km

 

PERFORMANCE SCORE

Performance Scores for these Events are based on the result and on the placing of an athlete in a competition in the same way as in the Track & Field Events:

Performance Score = Result Score + Placing Score



RESULT SCORE

  • The Result Scores are calculated using the latest edition of the IAAF Scoring Tables of Athletics.

  • The World Rankings consider only performances which are achieved on courses certified according to the relevant IAAF Rules.

    • Only properly measured courses could be included in the World Rankings. Race distances have to be measured by an IAAF / AIMS course measurer.

    • However to avoid disregarding the performances achieved on a course which has a net drop (decrease in elevation) of more than 1 m/km, a "Downhill Modification System" has been developed to include those performances. A net drop of 1m/km of the race distance is equivalent to 12 points according the IAAF Scoring Tables. These points are deducted from the Result Scores of the athletes at the competition concerned.

      There is no deduction if the net drop is within the allowed 1 m/km.

      Over the net drop of 1 m/km every 0,1 m/km is equal 12 + 1,2 points for each 0.1 m/km. (e.g. 1.1 m/km = - 13.2 points; 1.2 m/km = - 14.4 points)

    • Breaching the 50% rule in Point-to-Point courses will result in a fix penalty of 24 points deducted from the Result Scores of the athletes at the competition concerned.

  • Intermediate splits during a race cannot be considered as a result for the athlete and thus are not included in the World Rankings.

  • One factor may alter the initial Result Score: setting a World Record. The bonus points for the World Record are added to the Result Score of the athlete at the competition concerned.


Table 10: World Record bonus points for Race Walking

 Race Walking

In Main Events In Similar Events
 New World Record 30 bonus points 15 bonus points
 Equalling the World Record 15 bonus points 8 bonus points



PLACING SCORE

  • As 3 Performance Scores are required for the Ranking a different Placing Score table had been developed for Race Walking.

  • This table has the same attributes with 1-8 places and from OW to F Category, only the actual points awarded are less than those for the T&F events.

  • In the OW Category the first 20 athletes gain Placing Points for their performances.

  • Placing Points in F Category apply only to Race Walking.


The Placing Score tables used in Race Walking for the Event Rankings are as follows:

 In the OW Category:    In Categories GW and below:
OW     GW GL A B C D E F
Place Points Place Points   Place Points
1st 260 11th 60   1st 170 130 100 75 50 30 20 10
2nd 225 12th 50   2nd 140 110 80 60 40 22 14 6
3rd 200 13th 46   3rd 115 90 70 50 32 18 10 3
4th 180 14th 43   4th 100 75 60 40 26 16 8 -
5th 160 15th 40   5th 90 65 50 35 22 14 7 -
6th 140 16th 37   6th 80 60 45 30 19 12 6 -
7th 130 17th 34   7th 75 55 40 25 17 11 - -
8th 120 18th 31   8th 70 50 35 20 15 10 - -
9th 80 19th 28    
10th 70 20th 25    



RANKING PROCESS

For the Event Rankings 3 Performance Scores are required in the Race Walking Events in the 1-year period prior to the date of the Ranking.

The following restrictions apply to the above calculation:

  • In Race Walking at least 2 Performance Scores have to come from Main Events

  • Athletes with less than 3 Performance Scores, or whose performances do not comply with the above restriction, cannot have a valid Ranking Score, and are thus ineligible for ranking.

  • To avoid overweighting, competitions in the OW and GW categories are only included until the last edition of the Rankings published before following year's similar type of competition, regardless of the one-year rule. (i.e. Performances from the 2004 Olympic Games was considered for the last time in the Rankings of 1 August 2005, the last edition of the Rankings before the IAAF World Championships in Helsinki)


CATEGORIES OF COMPETITIONS

A specific categorisation was made for Race Walking taking into consideration the differences from Track and Field events.

Basic guidelines for the categorisations:

  • In Race Walking, categories are the same for both Men and Women (Table 13)

  • Major Championships and Cups (World and Area) are in the same categories as their T&F equivalents.

  • The IAAF World Race Walking Cup are in Category GW.

  • For National Championships, the Main Events in Race Walking disciplines are in Category 'C', while disciplines in the Similar Events are in Category D.

  • IAAF Permit competitions (like IAAF World Race Walking Challenge) are in Category B while Area Permit competitions are in Category D.

Table 13: Category Tables for Race Walking
Categories of competitions - Race Walking (M-W)
Sign  Description
OW  Olympic Games
   IAAF World Championships
GW  IAAF World Race Walking Cup
GL  African Championships
   Asian Championships
   European Championships
   Pan American Games
   South American Championships
A  Asian Games, All-African Games, CAC Championships
   Commonwealth Games
B  IAAF World Race Walking Challenge
   Francophone Games, Ibero-American Championships
   Universiade
   Continental Race Walking Cup
C  National Championships in Main Events (Men's 20km and 50km, Women's 20km)
   Balkan Games, Pan-Arab Games, Mediterranean Games, CAC Games
   CISM World Military Games
D  National Championships in Similar Events
     (Men's 10km and 30km, Women's 5km, 10km and 50km)
   Area Permit Race Walking Meetings
E  International Race Walking Matches
   Other International Race Walking Meetings and Copmetitions
F  Other Meetings and Competitions

 


OVERALL RANKINGS

In the Overall Rankings the athletes’ best Performance Scores are considered irrespective of the Event. (i.e. for the Overall Rankings athletes can obtain Performance Scores from more than one Event).

RESULT SCORE

Result Scores are calculated in the same way as the individual Event Rankings, using the relevant IAAF Scoring Tables and the event specific modification factors: wind, hand timing and decrease in elevation, as described in the Event Rankings sections for each Event.

World Record bonus points are given according to the World Records Table used for the Individual Track & Field Events (see Table 3).

PLACING SCORE

To determine the Placing Scores, the Overall Rankings uses the same Placing Score Table as for the Individual Track & Field Events (see Table 4 & 5 for details).

RANKING PROCESS

The Overall Ranking Score is the average of the 6 best Performance Scores obtained by the athlete in a particular Event in the 1-year period prior to the date of ranking.

The Overall Rankings also takes into consideration whether the Performance Score is coming from a Main Event or from a Similar Events (see Table 1 for details).

The following restrictions apply to the above calculation:

  • The 6 best Performance Scores considered for the Ranking Score must contain a minimum of 4 Performance Scores from the ”Main Event(s)”.

  • Athletes with less than 6 Performance Scores, or whose performances do not comply with the above restriction, cannot have a valid Ranking Score, and are thus ineligible for ranking.

  • To avoid overweighting, competitions in the OW and GW categories are only included until the last edition of the Rankings published before following year's similar type of competition, regardless of the one-year rule. (i.e. Performances from the 2004 Olympic Games was considered for the last time in the Rankings of 1 August 2005, the last edition of the Rankings before the IAAF World Championships in Helsinki)

Due to the different ranking requirements in Race Walking from the Overall (i.e. the average of 3 best Performance Scores counts instead of the 6) and in the 5000-10,000m (where 3 Main Events are required instead of the 4) should the Ranking Score of an athlete in the above three Events be higher than those obtained in the Overall, the Event Ranking Score is regarded as the athlete's Overall Ranking Score.



HOW TO CALCULATE THE RANKINGS SCORE

 

Do It Yoursef!!!

1. How is your Rankings position determined?

Your Rankings position is determined by your three best performances within twelve months in Race Walking.

At each competition, you receive points for your performance (Performance Score or Pf.S.). The Pf.S. consists of two elements, the Result Score (R.S.) and the Placing Score (Pl.S.).

Performance Score = Result Score + Placing Score

Result Score 

 + 

  Placing Score

You receive a certain number of points for your result. You yourself can easily find the points for each result in the latest editions of the IAAF Scoring Tables at http://www.iaaf.org/downloads/scoringTables/ or on this website.

You receive a certain number of points for your place. The Placing Score depends on the level of the competition. E.g. at the World Championships, you receive 260 points for 1st place, at Commonwealth Games 100 points and at National Championships (50km Men, 20k Men/Women) 50 points. See the table for information on the Placing Score.

Summary:

It's easy to calculate. You just need the (Time) Scoring Tables and the Placing Scores for each type of meeting.

Try it! You can do it!